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Manuscript – Royal - Emperor CHARLES V - Rey CARLOS I - Cityof Granada - 1525
Emperor CHARLES V - Rey CARLOS I - CHARLES QUINT Charles V,Holy Roman Emperor who, as Carlos I, also ruled as king of Spain (1500-1558)and Archduke of Austria from 1519, King of Spain from 1516, and Lord of theNetherlands as titular Duke of Burgundy from 1506. His dominions in Europeincluded the Holy Roman Empire, extending from Germany to northern Italy withdirect rule over the Austrian hereditary lands and the Burgundian LowCountries, and a unified Spain with its southern Italian kingdoms of Naples,Sicily, and Sardinia. The personal union of the European and Americanterritories of Charles V was the first collection of realms labeled "theempire on which the sun neversets". He was the most powerful monarch ofthe first half of the 16th century.
Document: single leaf, two pages, 41 x 30 cm. Page 1 signedby Charles V and its secretary Juan Vasquez de Molina, page 2 signed by"Doctor Guevara" (possible Antonio de Guevara) and others, with an affixedwafer seal with the arms of Charles. Some minor losses due to ink oxidation,and small losses at head, very fine, bright and clean for its age (seepictures). Document dated january 5, 1525, period of full territorial andpolitical power of Charles V: King of Castile, Leon, Aragon and his colonialempire (Cortès conquers New Spain in 1521), the provinces of the Netherlands,Habsburg possessions, elected Germanic Roman emperor in 1519. A month later, inFebruary1525, his rival, the king of France François 1er will be his prisonerand detained in Madrid.
This great power emerges from the titulature written in thedocument (much documents do not mention it and simply start with "ElRey": "Don Carlos, por la Diuina Clemencia, enperador senper augustoe rey de Alemania, doña Juana, su madre, y el mismo don Carlos, por la mismagracia, reyes de Castilla, de Leon, de Aragon, de las Dos Seçilias, deJherusalem, de Navarra, de Granada, de Toledo, de Valençia, de Galizia, deMallorcas, de Sevilla, of Çerdeña, of Cordoua, of Corçega, of Murçia, of Jaen,of los Algarbes, of Algezira, of Gibraltar, of las yslas de Canaria, of lasindias e yslas e tierra firme del mar oçeano, counts of Barçelona,​​señores de Bizcaya e de Molina, Dukes of Atenas e de Neopatria,Counts of Ruiselloon e de Çerdania, Marqueses de Oristan e de Goçiano,Archduchs of Austria, Dukes of Borgoña e de Bravante, Counts of Flanders andTirol. "
The document concerns the city of Granada - where Charlesbuilt the Palace which bears his name - and is of a political and judicialcontent. It is addressed in particular to the Mayor of the city("corregidor") and judges, current and future, and concerns thecouncils and town hall of the city ("cabildos and ayuntamientos") byimposing a strict secrecy of the acts and decisions which take place in theseChambers, otherwise great disadvantages arise (« se siguen muy grandesynconbynientes » ). The Emperor demands in particular, that any person,whatever quality it would be, to be punished. Very interesting is the superiorpublic interest of the document mentioned with the reference to the "goodof the public thing" ("que conviene al bien de la cosapublica"). As the Empire extends, Charles V revitalized the concept ofuniversal monarchy and defend the integrity of the Holy Roman Empire. Thedocument also specifically mentions the Audiencia of the city of Granada (2ndof Audiencia in Spain responsible for Justice south of the Tajo river).
Very nice document. A complete transcription of the textgoes with document.
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